A short history

The International Intervision Institute is a product of many years of experience in the IFHP Working Party MILU, Multifunctional and Intensive Land Use (2000-2004) and the Interreg IIIc Operation MILUnet ( 2004-2007).

MILUnet developed into a network of experts dedicated to the generation, collection, exchange and transfer of knowledge on the subject of multifunctional intensive land use as a means to realise more sustainable urban development in Europe.
The members of MILUnet were European cities and leading European Research Institutions.

The experiences showed that urban and regional planning professionals are usually closely involved with their own region or city and often miss an objective evaluation of their work.
All the cities involved in the MILU projects greatly appreciated the added value of an impartial, non-competitive and professional appraisal of planning problems and potential solutions.

After termination of the Interreg IIIc project, the initiators of MILU decided to continue working with the theoretical framework and the format of the Implementation Lab, that proved to be most productive for the solution of local development problems and for the implementation of strategies focussed on multifunctionality, variety, differentiation and intensification.

II-I is a new initiative, aimed at a continuation of the MILU experience, and at building further on the added value of past experiences of analysis in four continents, 20 countries, and 30 specifically analysed urban areas.

For more detailed information see Projects (Study cases).


The group’s theoretical framework was established during the MILU working party’s founding meeting held May 2000 in Amsterdam.
A year later (June 2001), the first hosted meeting was held at the invitation of the City of Oslo.
The consultants, scholars, engineers, politicians and policy makers that have attended MILU meetings thus far, embrace a wide variety of fields including urban and regional planning, architecture, environmental affairs, construction, traffic engineering, economics, law as well as public policy and administration.
The MILU Vienna meeting (June 2002) was the third meeting in a series of June gatherings held at the invitation of a host city.