RC - Kampen, IJsseldelta

Short description: 

This project is one of the 14 national "example" projects for "Developmental Spatial Planning" (integrated regional developmental planning). The project is located in the delta of the river IJssel, a branch of the Rhine. The area features a unique open landscape and is therefore designated a National Landscape. Here, a growing safety problem related to floodrisk has to be handled ("room for the river"), and a major housing target has to be adressed. A new railway tracé has been endorsed and will have to be realised by the year 2012. The aim of the project is to integrate these objectives, together with protection of the historical landscape-elements, recreation, birdlife protection, and improvement of the accessability in one integrated spatial solution. An innovative new branch of the river IJssel is proposed to be realised. The project however, should by no means delay the realisation of the new railwaytrack. The province has taken the initiative for this project. The railway development and the room for the river project is under national responsibility. The city of Kampen is responsible for the local landuse plan. Major problems are: the railway trace procedure, that has to be amended in order to give way to a new side river branch, the financing of the whole project, the acceptance of the local municipality, and resistance from the agricultural sector and ecologists. The market sector will be asked to consider participation (public private partnership).

Start date: 
Implementation date: 
The Netherlands
Completion date: 



Type(s) of MILU
Interweaving: use of the same space for different functions.

Layering: use of the third dimension of space. e.g. the underground.
Use of the fourth dimension of space, i.e. time.

RED - the urban fabric and its infrastructure.
GREEN - green spaces and urban rural relations.

BLUE - water-systems and water related issues.


Province of Overijssel

Planning and design:

H+N+S landscape architects and DHV-Consultants


to be determined

Lessons learned

The spatial quality is enhanced by a consortium of landscape architects and technical engineers, resulting in five spatial scenario's for the area. These scenario's were developed in a project setting with relevant public sector actors.The identity of the area has been taken into account in these scenario's and will be legitimated by a process of public information and consultation. Special attention has to be paid to the vertical coordination: the conflicting interests of the national railway construction, the budgettary constraints of the national watermanagement authority, the ambition of the province and of the Minister of Spatial Planning, and the potential reluctance of the local municipality. The Ministry of Spatial Planning has taken up the coordination at the national level, in communication with the province. The horizontal coordination with regional and local interestgroups, now organised in an advisory group, needs upgrading. Participation of the market was posponed a bit in order to formulate a public framework for the project first. This may appear to be a risk, when the market sector in the forthcoming period might refrain from cooperation because they were involved too late .Special attention will be paid to a newly introduced technical risk in the scope of this project: i.e. the "bathtube" risk; and to options to amend the legal procedure for the railway. Furthermore, the project provides a challenge for innovative housing in and along the new river branch.