RC - Delft, urban agriculture

Short description: 

Aim:To integrate land-use functions and city policy objectives.

Preliminary: City land at the eastern urban fringe of the city of Delft -the Upper Bieslandse Polder- was leased to six farmers, none of whom could make a full living from it. Since 1995 one of the farmers, Jan Duijndam, who already owned 50 acres of land nearby, took up the idea to convert to organic farming. He found a partner in the Delft Initiatves for Nature group. In 1997 they laid down a plan for organic farming at the Upper Bieslandse Polder. Two goals were aimed for: First the take-over of the tenacy rights of the other 5 farmers, so that Duijndam could expand his organic farm , and second nature development.

Preliminary: City land at the eastern urban fringe of the city of Delft -the Upper Bieslandse Polder- was leased to six farmers, none of whom could make a full living from it. Since 1995 one of the farmers, Jan Duijndam, who already owned 50 acres of land nearby, took up the idea to convert to organic farming. He found a partner in the Delft Initiatves for Nature group. In 1997 they laid down a plan for organic farming at the Upper Bieslandse Polder. Two goals were aimed for: First the take-over of the tenacy rights of the other 5 farmers, so that Duijndam could expand his organic farm , and second nature development.
The Waterboard saw a possibility to delegate to the farmer part of her obligation to maintain a waterreservoir. Approximately 10 % of his income out of subsidies for this task.
The subsidies deliver approximately 10% of the farmer's income.

Start date: 
01/07/1995
Implementation date: 
15/12/1999
Place: 
Delft
Country: 
The Netherlands
Region: 
Zuid-Holland

Phase
Realization

Scale
Local

Type(s) of MILU
Interweaving: use of the same space for different functions.

Theme(s)
GREEN - green spaces and urban rural relations.

BLUE - water-systems and water related issues.

Partners
Initiative:

Delft Initiatives for Nature Group/ Jan Duijndam

Planning and design:

Delft Initiatives for Nature Group/ Jan Duijndam/ Province Zuid Holland

Realisation:

Alterra institute Wageningen/ Jan Duijndam

Lessons learned
Spacial quality: The multifunctional land use of the Upper Bieslandse Polder has benefitted both the City of Delft, the Waterboard and the environment.
It is the result of integrated communication of all involved partners: the farmer, environmental organisations, waterboard and city administration.

Communications: have been constructive, which led to a rather smooth implemantation of the plan.

Risks: City administration decided on a 12 year lease, which involves a risk for the farmer, since in farming this is not a very long period, but on the other hand, the farmer has a risk reduction because not all his activities are linked to EU related farming subsidies. A part of his income is linked to the obligations of the waterboard.

Sustainable environment: Organic farming combined with ecological maintenance tasks is an asset to environmental sustainability, it serves educational purposes and offers healthy recreational possibilities right at the city fringe.

Conclusion: The project shows that a win-win situation can be established through integrated policy making and cooperation between all parties involved.