RC - Amsterdam, Diemerzeedijk

Short description: 

The “Diemerzeedijk” is a dike between Amsterdam and Muiden. It is made to protect the land against the sea (the “Zuiderzee”). In 1932 the Zuiderzee was cut off from the North Sea and became the largest fresh water lake of the Netherlands (the “IJsselmeer”). In the sixties and seventies, the dike was used for dirt combustion and along the dike, waste was deposed. In 1983 the refuse dump was closed

In 1998 the clean-up of the refuse dump started. It was ended in 2001. The polluted area is isolated by 26 m. deep screens, that rest on a clay layer. On top of the screens rest a few impermeable top layers. The groundwatertable in the isolated area is lower then in the area around, so that dirty water can not leak out. Gasses and dirty groundwater are diverted by pumps and cleaned. A network of regulating and measuring systems is monitoring the groundwater, gasses and the cleaning system.

In 2001, the realization of a town park on top of the former refuse dump is started. On top of the isolated area, there are a few restrictions for plant growth. There is a limited soil layer and no normal groundwater. Therefore, on this area only grasses, herbs and small trees and shrubs can grow. The park consists of nature, sport facilities, playgrounds, walking and bicycle paths.

Implementation date: 
The Netherlands
Completion date: 



Type(s) of MILU
Interweaving: use of the same space for different functions.

Layering: use of the third dimension of space. e.g. the underground.

GREEN - green spaces and urban rural relations.



Municipality of Amsterdam

Planning and design:


DMB (Dienst Milieu en Bouwtoezicht) en Projectbureau Bodem

Lessons learned

The refuse dump is not simply cleaned up, but given a new destination. It functions as a park for the new quarter "IJburg". It therefore contributes to the spatial quality of the area, and makes it possible to develop more housing quarters. The new park also containes valuable nature. Special places will be created, that form habitats for grass-snakes, bats, swallows and kingfishers.