Introduction

Introduction on reference cases

Reference cases are presented in an Implementation Lab to exchange knowledge that could bear relevance to a study case that was subject of an intervision workshop.
The reference cases provided input for the brainstorm sessions to broaden the perspectives of the participants and to deliver new approaches or spatial concepts that could be useful to help “solve” the problem statement of the study case. Reference cases can be found via the year table or via entering key words in the search field in the left column of the reference case web page. 

Reference cases

The area of block 49 "EINSTEIN" is part of a city extension of the 19th century. Until the 1980ies in the center of the block a brewery was working in operation.On the edge of the block shops, flats, offices and a restaurant are located.The area of the brewery in the inner part of the block was locked up for the general public.



Along with the demolition of the brewery a legal site planning procedere was carried through including citizens' participation. After that flats (condominiums as well as publicly subsidized flats), offices, shops and a small beergarden...

The renewal of the Dublin Docklands area is illustrative of the transformation of a former industrial area which had become largely underutilised and derelict into a thriving business and residential area. Although development is still continuing, Dublin Docklands is now the location of the Irish Financial Services centre a hub of much of the city's financial services industry and the location of many international financial services sector firms. There are a significant number of residential units within the area and a range of restaurants, bars and retail facilities. In addition...

Hammarby Sea City was a port and industrial area on both sides of the Hammarby Lake close to Södermalm in the inner city of Stockholm. The distance to the city center is approximately 3 km. The first parts were developed with housing during the eighties. A planning process for the rest of the area started round 1990 and has been carried through in co-operation between the Cities of Stockholm and Nacka and the County Council of Stockholm. A new light rail line will connect the area with the rest of the public transport network to the old suburban line to Saltsjöbaden which will...

The City of Stockholm promotes new housing in the inner city. To achieve this objective several ways of MILU use have been tried. New houising has been built on top of motorways, railways and on the roof of existing office buildings. Around 1,000 new dwellings were planned and built within the CBD area during 1998-2002. One picture show an example of dwellings on top of a department store. Other examples were parking houses completely or partly replaces with housing.

Another example is Söderleden in the middle of Södermalm, where office and housing blocks...

The National Technological Park (NTP) formally inaugurated in 1984 is located approx. 5 Km from Limerick city centre at Plassey on the left bank of the river Shannon. It is composed of 650 acres of land much of which remains parkland. It was the first technology park in Ireland and is a joint venture between the University of Limerick, Shannon Development (The Regional Development Agency for the area) and the IDA Ireland (the development authority with responsibility for attracting foreign investment to Ireland). The park is now home to a mix of high tech international industries and...

The Aker river is Oslos main river running some 10 km from the Lake of Maridalen (altitude 150 m) to the Oslofjord in the city centre. The Aker river was for a long time the centre of modern, industrial Oslo, utilizing the river for power supply (mills, sawmills, textile industry, etc). By 1970 these industries were in decline and the whole area was run down and suffered pollution problems.
A plan for the Aker river enivronmental park was launched by the Ministry of Environment by the mid-1980s, and the plan was approved by the Municipality of Oslo in 1991. The implementation has...

 

Bristol Floating Harbour has been progressively turned around from a redundant dock into a vibrant mixed use, cultural destination in the heart of city centre. Local authority played a leading role.

The focus of local policy in the 1960s and early 1970s was on growth, "modernising" the city, the central area redevelopment. Limited scope for public involvement in planning caused growing protest against insensitive redevelopment by conservation and residents organisations

The first stage (finding appropriate uses to regenerate the docks, increasing...

The Vienna Danube Island is first a flood protection and second a leisure, pleasure and a man made ecological reserve. It combines severals functions in time and space. The northern and southern part are nature habitats, the centre part is more urban. Facilities: 
restaurants (22 with over 3000 seats); swimming areas with shallow water and beaches; a wide streched path work for cyclists, hikers, joggers and skaters; barbecue spots; play grounds; sporting grounds; bike and boat rentals; windsurfing school; water chute; water ski lift; trampolins; sailing boat marinas; rowing boat regatta...

The Finger Plan was worked out in the late 1940ies. It’s a comprehensive plan guiding urban growth, infrastucture and green areas. The plan recommended that Copenhagen's suburbs should be developed as small independent urban communities connected to the city by radial railway lines and roads. Urban growth should be concentrated in "urban fingers" that grew outwards from the existing city. Between the fingers "green wedges" should be protected agains urban growth, so that green areas always are accessible to the citizens independent of where you live. The...

Vienna's green policy is a project which started in 1905 with Vienna's General Regulation Plan. In it's main features is still relevant for urban planning in the city. Because of the diversity, from forests to vineyards, from agricultural areas to bayou systems it is something very special and in some cases even unique.