Introduction

Introduction on reference cases

Reference cases are presented in an Implementation Lab to exchange knowledge that could bear relevance to a study case that was subject of an intervision workshop.
The reference cases provided input for the brainstorm sessions to broaden the perspectives of the participants and to deliver new approaches or spatial concepts that could be useful to help “solve” the problem statement of the study case. Reference cases can be found via the year table or via entering key words in the search field in the left column of the reference case web page. 

Reference cases

The building group of Old Municipal Slaughterhouses of Patras, is found in the meridian side of city, on the coastal road and in distance of three kilometres from the city centre. This region constituted the old industrial region of Patras, which however today has been abandoned and the issue is to find for this region new uses that will incorporate it once again in the life of city. The buildings were manufactured in 1902 and functioned continuously up to the 1996 as space of organised slaughterhouses minus the period of 2nd World war. It constitutes characteristic sample of industrial...

The Netherlands is set to join the European high-speed railway network (HSL) in a few years time. This will create new opportunities for the stations involved. Central government has reserved € 1 billion for the development of these stations and the surrounding areas. The rest of the country will profit from the spin-off of these investments, which are managed and coordinated in six Urban Key Projects, launched in 1997 by the central government. By injecting funds and procedural support, within a spatial planning policy framework, the government wants to lever public and private...

Aim:To integrate land-use functions and city policy objectives.

Preliminary: City land at the eastern urban fringe of the city of Delft -the Upper Bieslandse Polder- was leased to six farmers, none of whom could make a full living from it. Since 1995 one of the farmers, Jan Duijndam, who already owned 50 acres of land nearby, took up the idea to convert to organic farming. He found a partner in the Delft Initiatves for Nature group. In 1997 they laid down a plan for organic farming at the Upper Bieslandse Polder. Two goals were aimed for: First the take-over of the tenacy rights...

The Harbourside scheme in Bristol centres on the Canons Marsh site (33 acres), close to the city centre and remained 1990 largely undeveloped. Land ownership was shared between three parties. One of the early successes was to bring together the private landowners and the City Council as the Harbouside Sponsors Group with an agreed framework for development. The City Council used statutory powers to secure the development of the site enabling the city centre to fight back against out of town competition, with packages of funding. As sources of public finance were very limited, continuing...

The HARP area comprises the north-west sector of the Inner City. The HARP framework plan attempts to tackle physical and socio-economic regeneration of the HARP area using an approach based on an IAP. This reference case focuses on the Smithfield area of HARP.
The main problems identified in Smithfield were the loss of the area's traditional activities, the rate of vacancy and underutilisation of sites and buildings, a poor urban environment, high rates of unemployment, lack of private or state investment. Smithfield did contain a large public space but this had poor urban...

The district of Grünau is situated in the west of Leipzig at the urban fringe. It was the third largest modern estate of industrially manufactured blocks of flats in the former GDR. After the political changes there was a deficiency of services, leisure amenities, green spaces and workplaces, because development stopped just after the completion of the houses. The site of the park was originally planned as an area for a road including tram tracks, yet the planning was cancelled and the land has lain fallow for several years. 

The planning started in 1993 and in 1996 the park...

Urola Garaia is a region located in the heart of Gipuzkoa, composed of the towns of Legazpi, Zumarraga, Urretxu and Ezkio-Itsaso. As the financial recourses basically came from the industry (siderurgy) the crisis in the branch, occurred toward the end of the 80's affected dramatically the population. Arising from this situation a group integrated by the local administrations, the private sector and particulars brought to life the LENBUR project focused on searching new ways for revitalising the region.
Three major objectives were set up: 

· Recovery of the...

The renewal of Temple Bar involved the regeneration of an underutilised and run-down area (28 acres) in the centre of Dublin city. This involved considerable urban design intervention, including the creation of new squares and streets. The main theme of the renewal was the enhancement of cultural infrastructure. The result has been the creation of a 24 hour mixed-use area, which includes entertainment, residential, commercial and cultural functions. In terms of planning and architectural innovation an architectural competition was held in 1991 to provide a framework plan for the...

The Newhall Valley Country Park with a total area of 67 ha is situated in the urban fringe and incorporated the building of 600 new homes and the establishment of a sustainable urban drainage system. The site is located along the watercourse of the Plantsbrook and it links two mainly residential areas. The original land use was arable farmland with some historic wetland grazing meadows and wet woodland. It is a piece of “captured countryside” with a working 17th century water mill. Key issues of the project included the enhancement of social and ecological qualities, a high...

“Messestadt Riem” is a large scale urban development project of the City of Munich. It became possible when the airport “Munich Riem” was relocated in 1992. The area of 5.56 million square meters is located seven kilometres to the east of the city centre and merges into the open country side. A newly build underground line provides for a very high standard of public transportation besides high level road access.

The project combines residential areas, trade and commerce, trade fair and green belt. The City of Munich realizes its strategic development aim...