RC - Munich, Messestadt Riem / Trade Fair City Riem

Short description: 

“Messestadt Riem” is a large scale urban development project of the City of Munich. It became possible when the airport “Munich Riem” was relocated in 1992. The area of 5.56 million square meters is located seven kilometres to the east of the city centre and merges into the open country side. A newly build underground line provides for a very high standard of public transportation besides high level road access.

The project combines residential areas, trade and commerce, trade fair and green belt. The City of Munich realizes its strategic development aim 'compact - urban - green' by allocating 1/3 for each: landscape – housing – business sites.

The City also defined three main planning objectives: Own identity / characteristic urban design, ecological urban development / sustainability, provision of complete infrastructure.

In 2013, this new city district should provide living accommodation for 16,000 inhabitants and 13,000 jobs. It is the aim of the city to establish a mix of social housing and subsidised private ownership (2/3) and private ownership / rental (1/3). The city also provides different types of business locations (for high tech, production, basic trade). Various innovative approaches are part of the project (for transport, housing, citizen's participation, culture, social infrastructure ...).

The area will be the venue of Germany's federal gardening exhibition BUGA 2005. Its land scape park and artificial lake will remain as part of Munich's green belt.

Start date: 
1990
Implementation date: 
1994/1997
Country: 
Germany
Completion date: 
2013
Region: 
Bavaria

Phase
realisation

Scale

regional

local

Type(s) of MILU

Interweaving: use of the same space for different functions.



Use of the fourth dimension of space, i.e. time.

Theme(s)

RED - the urban fabric and its infrastructure.

GREEN - green spaces and urban rural relations.

Partners
Initiative:City of Munich
Planning and design: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Frauenfeld und Partner / Frankfurt (basic concept)
Realisation: Maßnahmentraeger Riem Gesellschaft (MRG / developer), City of Munich

Lessons learned

The intended mix of functions is realised only at large scale with a clear division of functions, but the project sucessfully integrated the new trade fair complex within an urban district. Thus, the evolving living area could more easily be connected to the underground system right from the start. The functional areas are in themselves by intention mixed: different types of housing and of business sites. However, here again, the mix is not realized within single houses or sites, but only at medium scale.

The housing areas show a high level of density, taken the suburban character of the area into account. This relatively high density allows the realization of the large scale landscape park. The high densities (GFI 1,2 in housing areas, GFI 2,0 in mixed areas) and their impact on investment decisions are, however, disputed. The realization of the landscape park is guaranteed since it became the area of the BUGA 2005.



Citizen's participation took place but only started when the first residents moved in. The scope of participation and city district politics are fields of discussion and dispute.

Regarding finacial aspects, the City Council stipulated that a consortium of banks prefinances the project. It is developed by a company, the MRG. A special city council sub-committee keeps control of the development.
You can find a detailed analysis in EU Project Interact's 1st Munich Case Study 2002. In 2005, another evaluation focussed on sustainability aspects will be available.