2000

Vestbanen, today a car park, is an old railway station located by the City Hall Square. Stalsbygg is developing a project with urban spaces, a public library, an art museum and a subterranean cinema and conference centre. Along with shops, offices and housing, the project will recreate Vestbanen as a meeting place in Oslo. The old
station building has already been transformed to the Nobel Peace Centre. In 2002 a project competition was held, and the jury acclaimed the Dutch Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) as winner. The jury points out how the project linls the adjoining areas together in a positive manner and the joint use between the functions: The spatial...

The Factory is an important piece of XVIII c. industrial architecture. Its industrial activity ceased long ago. It remains the property of the Ministry of Defence. It houses some office facilities and archives, but it is mostly empty. Its location, just outside the city walls, is rather central nowadays. It occupies 17000 m2.
In 1994 the National Ministry of Culture began a procedure to declare it "of cultural interest"; as a result it was declared a "Monument" in 2001. In 2000 the IPHE, part of the Ministry of Culture, implemented a Plan for Industrial Heritage (Plan de Patrimonio Industrial). Within this plan it commissioned the "Director Plan for the...

The Strategic Plan of Hungary Central Region (2001 – 2006) summarizes the trends in the region, and points that “uncoordinated sub urbanization describes the capital and its surrounding”. It causes signs of slumming in the inner parts of Budapest. On the other hand in the agglomeration settlements the intensification of central functions does not meet the requirements. As the most of the residents of those settlements still find work and services in the capital, real city centers cannot develop in the agglomeration. So the valuable, historical centers, both in Budapest and in the agglomeration cities are slumming and deteriorating.
Among the suggested general...

Up to the 19th century the river Isar was an untamed natural flowing river. In springtime melting snow from the alpine region and also heavy rainfall after summer thunderstorms reguarly flooded the lower located quarters of the city of Munich. So in the end of the 19th century the river Isar was regulated due to flood protection. The riverbed was transformed into a floodsafe channel made out of concrete with escorting dykes. In 1900 an artificial technical canal was constructed due to energy production. These means caused a massive disturbance of the river's ecology.
The construction of the "Sylvenstein barrage" finally lead to the total loss of character for the river...

Stockholm, Social values in urban green areas

the green wedges of the Stockholm Region



When planning the future development of the Stockholm region, it is important to recognise the many different values of the green areas in order to be able make to changes in a sustainable way. In several publications the Office of Regional Planning and Urban Transportation has taken up various aspects of the features that are important to observe from a planning perspective. A report from 1985, “En skogsbacke i Handen” emphasized the interaction between built-up and recreational areas. “Gröna bältet” (The green belt) from 1990 stressed the...

W.Riverside is a 20Ha former industrial site to the west of Bath but within the city limits. it is a major opportunity for this World Heritage city, constrained by tight development limits and a green belt, to increase its population within the urban bounds. The site is adjacent to the River Avon, but is poorly related to the waterside as a result of flood defences and piling. The proposal, as a result of the extensive consultation, is to enhance the interface in the longer term and improve access to the riverside. The proposal is for a mixed residential, retail and small business development, seeking to achieve maximum local self sufficiency. The eastern end of the development will...