Local

Urola Garaia is a region located in the heart of Gipuzkoa, composed of the towns of Legazpi, Zumarraga, Urretxu and Ezkio-Itsaso. As the financial recourses basically came from the industry (siderurgy) the crisis in the branch, occurred toward the end of the 80's affected dramatically the population. Arising from this situation a group integrated by the local administrations, the private sector and particulars brought to life the LENBUR project focused on searching new ways for revitalising the region.
Three major objectives were set up: 

· Recovery of the industrial area in order to erect a museum.

· Recovery of a free area (nearly 10 km) as a...

Oslo is embarking its most adventurous harbour renewal project ever, as a string of waterfront properties in the heart of the city are put up for sale and rezoned for urban development. The aim is to reconnect the city with the sea, providing residents and visitors alike with a unique and sustainable quality of life.
Fulfilling the vision of Oslo as the Fjord City will help meet the city's need for more housing, business, recreation and cultural space, as well as improving concentrating Oslo’s commercial ports.
The total Fjord City area comprises 225 hectares, from Frognerstranda in the west to Ormsund in the southeast. Sale of these prime waterfront properties...

Holmenkollen lies only 20 minutes from the centre of Oslo. The Holmenkollen Ski Jump, wich comprises the Ski Jump Tower with its panoramic views over Oslo, the worlds oldest ski museum and a ski simulator where you can feel for yourself what it?s like to jump at Holmenkollen. From the ski jump tower, 60 meters above the ground and 417 meters above the sea level, one can experience a breathtaking view of Oslo and the fjord below.
The Holmenkollen Ski Jump holds an important part in the Norwegian and international history of skiing, and is for many the main symbol of international ski sport.
The ski jump has been the centre of Norwegian ski sport for the last 100 years. The first...

The renewal of Temple Bar involved the regeneration of an underutilised and run-down area (28 acres) in the centre of Dublin city. This involved considerable urban design intervention, including the creation of new squares and streets. The main theme of the renewal was the enhancement of cultural infrastructure. The result has been the creation of a 24 hour mixed-use area, which includes entertainment, residential, commercial and cultural functions. In terms of planning and architectural innovation an architectural competition was held in 1991 to provide a framework plan for the development of the area. The competion was won by a group of young Irish architectural practices which...

The HARP area comprises the north-west sector of the Inner City. The HARP framework plan attempts to tackle physical and socio-economic regeneration of the HARP area using an approach based on an IAP. This reference case focuses on the Smithfield area of HARP.
The main problems identified in Smithfield were the loss of the area's traditional activities, the rate of vacancy and underutilisation of sites and buildings, a poor urban environment, high rates of unemployment, lack of private or state investment. Smithfield did contain a large public space but this had poor urban domain qualities and was used as a surface car park.
An initial step to encourage more private...

In 1998 the construction of the new Hungarian National Theatre began in the Erzsébet (Elisabeth) square. One year later, after the elections, the new government brought a stop to the construction for mostly political reasons. It was the time when people started to mention the deep but empty concrete basement as the „National Pit”.
Great amount of material and work was invested into the building, so for finding the solution applications were invited for landscaping the spot. The winner team has planned a public park with underground parking garage, shops, conference hall and leisure centre beneath.
The constructions have not been finished, but during...

One tool for the enhancement of retail trade in urban areas can be the organised co-operation of local trade units. When shops, restaurants, cafés, galleries go together for a common marketing, for better-looking public places, for better accessibility, for stronger and convincing reputation, than it is good not only for the trade, but also for the whole area, for the whole city. The co-operation among trade units has two main institutionalised forms: the shopping street-type organizations and the BIDs (Business Improvement Area).

The Strategic Plan of Hungary Central Region (2001 – 2006) summarizes the trends in the region, and points that “uncoordinated sub urbanization describes the capital and its surrounding”. It causes signs of slumming in the inner parts of Budapest. On the other hand in the agglomeration settlements the intensification of central functions does not meet the requirements. As the most of the residents of those settlements still find work and services in the capital, real city centers cannot develop in the agglomeration. So the valuable, historical centers, both in Budapest and in the agglomeration cities are slumming and deteriorating.
Among the suggested general...

The Lenhossek Park gave new impetus to the development and rehabilitation works of the area. When opening the one-hectare park (once place for ten parcels with very deteriorated buildings), Gabor Demszky, mayor of Budapest emphasized that similar programs generate positive trends in Budapest. Ferenc Gegesy, mayor of IX. District emphasized that the investment is a good example for the co-operation among the districts and the Municipality: two thirds of the costs were paid by Budapest Municipality, and only half of it will have to be paid back – without bank rate. As he said, the costs of demolishment and construction were 140 million Hungarian Forints (about 560 000 Euros), while...

Békásmegyer Housing Estate was built in the 1970s and 1980s. It has excellent public transport connection with the city centre, and has very good climatic environment (Buda Mountains, Danube riverside). 


Still, strong signs of slumming have emerged. One of the first steps for the renewal of the housing estate will be at the centre of the housing estate: the renewal of the market place and its surroundings.
New market hall, office buildings are planned. Great emphasise is laid on the forming of public places: a new square will be created with little green patches and with spacious area for café terraces, for events, festivals etc.