Hungary

In 1998 the construction of the new Hungarian National Theatre began in the Erzsébet (Elisabeth) square. One year later, after the elections, the new government brought a stop to the construction for mostly political reasons. It was the time when people started to mention the deep but empty concrete basement as the „National Pit”.
Great amount of material and work was invested into the building, so for finding the solution applications were invited for landscaping the spot. The winner team has planned a public park with underground parking garage, shops, conference hall and leisure centre beneath.
The constructions have not been finished, but during...

One tool for the enhancement of retail trade in urban areas can be the organised co-operation of local trade units. When shops, restaurants, cafés, galleries go together for a common marketing, for better-looking public places, for better accessibility, for stronger and convincing reputation, than it is good not only for the trade, but also for the whole area, for the whole city. The co-operation among trade units has two main institutionalised forms: the shopping street-type organizations and the BIDs (Business Improvement Area).

The Strategic Plan of Hungary Central Region (2001 – 2006) summarizes the trends in the region, and points that “uncoordinated sub urbanization describes the capital and its surrounding”. It causes signs of slumming in the inner parts of Budapest. On the other hand in the agglomeration settlements the intensification of central functions does not meet the requirements. As the most of the residents of those settlements still find work and services in the capital, real city centers cannot develop in the agglomeration. So the valuable, historical centers, both in Budapest and in the agglomeration cities are slumming and deteriorating.
Among the suggested general...

The Lenhossek Park gave new impetus to the development and rehabilitation works of the area. When opening the one-hectare park (once place for ten parcels with very deteriorated buildings), Gabor Demszky, mayor of Budapest emphasized that similar programs generate positive trends in Budapest. Ferenc Gegesy, mayor of IX. District emphasized that the investment is a good example for the co-operation among the districts and the Municipality: two thirds of the costs were paid by Budapest Municipality, and only half of it will have to be paid back – without bank rate. As he said, the costs of demolishment and construction were 140 million Hungarian Forints (about 560 000 Euros), while...

Békásmegyer Housing Estate was built in the 1970s and 1980s. It has excellent public transport connection with the city centre, and has very good climatic environment (Buda Mountains, Danube riverside). 


Still, strong signs of slumming have emerged. One of the first steps for the renewal of the housing estate will be at the centre of the housing estate: the renewal of the market place and its surroundings.
New market hall, office buildings are planned. Great emphasise is laid on the forming of public places: a new square will be created with little green patches and with spacious area for café terraces, for events, festivals etc.

The rehabilitation program for Middle Ferencváros (Budapest, IX. District) began at the bloks next to the Great Boulevard (Nagykörút), and progressed towards the Haller street - just along Tompa Street.
The first way for rehabilitation was to renovate the residential buildings owned by the Local Government. The second way was to develop infrastructure, to build or renovate public places, green patches and parks. The third way was to sell out the parcels became clear after the demolition of old, deteriorated buildings, which were inadequate for renovation. On these parcels residential, commercial, tourist, cultural and other kind of new establishments were...

The building which now hosts the buildings of the Budapest Municipality was originally planned to be a hospital, later it worked as military barracks. Since Budapest Municipality owns it it was adopted and enlarged many times. Amongs others new office buildings, theater, fire station and a bazaar with many little shops were building during time. Due to the central location of the site, there were many plans for the renewal of the block in last few years.
Presently the aim is to create a center of mixed functions: agora, cultural functions (concert hall, exhibitions etc., hotel, retail trade centre, offices and car park facilities) are all considered as desirable functions....

Brown fields along the river Danube are gaining new functions. Examples for this: Gasworks at Óbuda , “Marina Coast” residential aria at former industrial site, new building of National Theatre and the Palace of the Arts at the site of former railway station etc. One of the most important aims of Budapest is to make the inner city watersides easily accessible, attractive and pleasant for pedestrians. The extension of tramlines (along the Buda riverside). The renewal of the “Ybl Bazaar” and the storehouses at the riversides have also important rule.